The Safety of Tai Chi: A Meta-analysis of Adverse Events
July 27, 2019 - Beijing Sport University, University of Montana and Arizona State University collaborated to review current publications to examine safety of Tai Chi.
In 256 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of Tai Chi, 24 met eligibility criteria (1794 participants) and were assessed using the Cochrane Risk of Bias tool. The frequency of non-serious, serious and intervention-related adverse events were not found to be significantly different between Tai Chi and inactive or active control conditions. In studies with an adverse event monitoring protocol, more non-serious adverse events were reported for Tai Chi compared to inactive interventions. Given the higher overall adverse event risks related to studies of participants with heart failure, additional analyses examined this set separately. More serious adverse events were found for inactive interventions compared with Tai Chi in studies with heart failure participants.
Findings indicate that Tai Chi does not result in more adverse events than active and inactive control conditions and produces fewer adverse events than inactive control conditions for heart failure patients.
The results were published by Contemporary clinical trials communications in July 2019.